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Paul Morphy's disputed Amazing Immortal Chess Game - Brief commentary #57 - London 1858

   
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♚Play turn style chess at : "London"] [Site "London"] [Date "1858.??.??"] [Round "?"] [White "Henry Edward Bird"] [Black "Paul Morphy"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "C41"] [PlyCount "58"] [EventDate "1858.??.??"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 f5 4. Nc3 fxe4 5. Nxe4 d5 6. Ng3 e4 7. Ne5 Nf6 8. Bg5 Bd6 9. Nh5 O-O 10. Qd2 Qe8 11. g4 Nxg4 (11... Bxe5 12. dxe5 Nxg4 13. Qxd5+ Be6) 12. Nxg4 Qxh5 13. Ne5 Nc6 14. Be2 Qh3 15. Nxc6 bxc6 16. Be3 Rb8 17. O-O-O Rxf2 {optimistic or brilliant?!} (17... Bb4 18. c3 Bd6) (17... Bg4 18. Bxg4 Qxg4 19. Rhg1 Qh5) 18. Bxf2 (18. Rde1 Rg2) 18... Qa3 19. c3 (19. bxa3 Bxa3#) 19... Qxa2 20. b4 Qa1+ (20... Qa3+ 21. Qb2) 21. Kc2 Qa4+ 22. Kb2 (22. Kc1 {recommended by engine at depth 23 for drawing. Legend also has it that when an onlooker found this move, no one would speak to him for a week! The critical defence in the above position is 22.Kc1! Many sources claim that it is sufficient for a draw, while some believe in Morphy's attack. Euwe and Nunn write in The Development of Chess Style (p. 38, Batsford 1997): "22.Kc1! Qa1+ leads to perpetual check. This is the best line, but it means that with his pretty combination Black has thrown away the win." ... Fred Reinfeld and Andrew Soltis in their book Morphy Chess Masterpieces (First Collier Books Edition 1974, in descriptive notation, which has been converted to algebraic): "Legend has it that when an onlooker found that 22 Kc1! draws, no one would speak to him for a week. The point of 22 Kc1! is that 22...Bxb4? 23 cxb4 Rxb4 is not check so that White might escape with 24 Qg5! Qa3+ 25 Kd2 Rb2+ 26 Ke1 Rxe2+ 27 Kxe2 Qf3+ 28 Ke1 Qxh1+ 29 Qg1! and wins. So Black would have to take a perpetual check with 22...Qa1+." Anatoly Karpov has produced a deep investigation of the fascinating endgame after 22...a5 23.Qc2 Qa3+ 24.Qb2 axb4 25.Qxa3 bxa3 and revealed many hidden White resources. His main line runs 26.Be3 a2 27.Kc2 Ba3 28.Ra1 Rb2+ 29.Kd1 Bd7 30.Rf1 c5 31.dxc5 Ba4+ 32.Ke1 Bb3 33.Bd4! Rb1+ 34.Kd2 Rxa1 35.Rxa1 Bb2 36. Rg1 g6 37.h4 a1Q 38.Rxa1 Bxa1 39.Kc1 Ba2 and he concludes "Both sides are guaranteed a draw, Black is two pawns up, but his bishops are in seclusion." This is to be found in his work Miniatures from the World Champions (Collier Books 1985). The Soviet masters Gik and Rozenberg contributed to the analysis. Garry Kasparov calls the previous try unclear and prefers 22.Kc1 Bf5! 23.Be1! Qa1+ 24.Kc2 e3+ 25.Kb3 exd2 26.Rxa1 Re8 27.Ba6 dxe1Q 28.Raxe1 Rxe1 29.Rxe1 Bxh2 30.Bb7 Be4 31.Bxc6 Kf7, which leaves Black with a small advantage.} Bf5 ( 22... Bxb4 23. cxb4 Rxb4 24. Qg5 h6 (24... Qa3+ 25. Kd2 Rb2+ 26. Ke1 Qc3+ ( 26... Rxe2+ 27. Kxe2 Qf3+ 28. Ke1 Qxh1+ 29. Bg1 (29. Qg1)) 27. Kf1 Bh3+ 28. Kg1 Rxe2 29. Qh5 Qf3 30. Qe8+ Qf8 31. Qxf8+ Kxf8 32. Re1 Ra2 33. Re3 Bf5 34. h4 c5 35. Re1) 25. Qd8+ Kh7 26. Qxc8 Qa2 27. Qf5+ Kg8 28. Qe6+ Kh7 29. Qf5+) (22... Rxb4 23. cxb4 Bxb4 24. Qc2 Qa1+ 25. Qb1 Qc3+ 26. Qc2 Qa1+ 27. Qb1) (22... a5 23. Qc2 Qa3+ 24. Qb2 (24. Kd2 axb4 25. Ra1 bxc3+ 26. Ke3 Bf4+ 27. Kxf4 Qd6+ 28. Ke3 Qh6# {Very beautiful!}) 24... axb4 25. Qxa3 bxa3 26. Bg3 Be7 {Only move for advantage maybe} 27. Bf4 Bf5 28. Kd2 a2 29. Ra1 Rb2+ 30. Ke3 c5 {only move for any advantage to try and liberate the pawns} 31. Bd1 cxd4+ 32. Kxd4 Be6 33. Bc1 {Black is better!}) 23. Be1 (23. Qe3 a5 {Much stronger than Qa2 perhaps} ( 23... Qa2 24. Rhg1 Bxb4 25. cxb4 Rxb4 26. Rxg7+ {Draws}) 24. Kd2 (24. Rhg1 axb4 ) 24... axb4 25. Ra1 Qb3 26. Rhc1 bxc3+ 27. Ke1 c2 28. Qxb3 Rxb3 29. Rxc2 e3 30. Rxc6 exf2+ 31. Kxf2) (23. Qc2 Qa3+ 24. Qb2 Bf4+ 25. Kb1 e3+ 26. Bd3 Bxd3+ 27. Rxd3 Qxb2+ 28. Kxb2 exf2 29. Rf1 Bxh2 30. Rxf2 Bd6 {Black seems better here with 2 potential connected passed pawns} 31. Kc2 h5 32. Rd1 h4 33. Rg1 Bg3 34. Rf3 Ra8 35. Rgxg3 hxg3 36. Rxg3 a5 37. bxa5 Rxa5 38. Kd3 c5 39. dxc5 Rxc5 40. Kd4 Rb5 41. Rg6) 23... Qa1+ {Kasparov line} (23... e3 24. Qb2 a5 {Looks dangerous indeed!} 25. Rg1 axb4 26. c4 {trying to keep the lines closed!} b3 27. c5 Bxh2 28. Rg2 Bf4 29. Bc3 g5 30. Rf1 Bg6 {looks great for black}) 24. Kc2 e3+ (24... Qa4+ 25. Kc1 e3) 25. Kb3 exd2 26. Rxa1 Re8 (26... dxe1=Q 27. Rhxe1 Bxh2) 27. Ba6 dxe1=Q 28. Rhxe1 Rxe1 29. Rxe1 Bxh2 30. Bb7 Be4 31. Bxc6 Kf7 { Kasparov line}) 22... Bxb4 23. cxb4 (23. Ra1 Ba3+ 24. Ka2 Bc1#) 23... Rxb4+ 24. Qxb4 (24. Kc1 Qa1+ 25. Kc2 Qb2#) 24... Qxb4+ 25. Kc2 e3 26. Bxe3 Bf5+ 27. Rd3 ( 27. Bd3 Qc4+ 28. Kb2 (28. Kd2 Qxd3+) 28... Bxd3) 27... Qc4+ 28. Kd2 Qa2+ 29. Kd1 Qb1+ 0-1

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